Incised on the panels of the octagonal neck,
P. F. Grover - Prisoner of War, Tyler Texas  
Captured Pleasant Hill La. April 9, 1864
The thinly scraped and translucent body is heavily
decorated in patriotic material with the addition of a
graphic prisoner escape scene, hunting views and an
infantryman with rifle before a 15th Maine marked
tent.     
A wonderful example of the resourcefulness of skilled soldiers, POWs or otherwise, who plied their skills creating
articles for trade with fellow troopers.  Many a beef bone was transformed into a ring or other trinket, laurel root carved
into a tobacco pipe, or other handiwork ,was exchanged for a camp stool, shelter half, a haircut or a tasty treat
scavenged or received from home.  This example takes the form of a beautifully shaped and scrimshawed powder horn
identified to
Pvt. Page F. Grover who was a 19 year old Litchfield, Maine resident when he enlisted on January 13,
1862 as Pvt. Co. B of the
15th Maine Volunteer Infantry.   Pvt. Grover was captured by Confederate Cavalry at
Pleasant Hill, Louisiana on April 9, 1864 and held prisoner at Camp Ford, Tyler Texas until exchanged May 26, 1865.  
This artifact is clearly attributable to the skill of a single entrepreneurial craftsman at the Tyler Texas Confederate
prison by virtue of the fortunate existence of four examples, one in a museum collection with three others in addition to
ours maintained in private collections.   All four horns demonstrate the distinctive work of the same craftsman and each
is inscribed to a prisoner of the Tyler POW facility.  Pvt. Grover’s horn measures approximately eighteen inches in
length with a carved ducks head spout and orange stained, turned plug with acorn finial.  
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